How did Sri Lanka become malaria-free? Can it be replicated in India?

By Sunil Kumar

Sri Lanka has a population of only around 21 million; even less than Mumbai. According to the Daily News, Sri Lanka; this is how they eradicated malaria;

Setting up mobile malaria clinics that diagnosed and treated people much earlier than waiting for people to visit their doctor with symptoms, accompanied by regular surveillance, community engagement and education programs to make sure people knew the symptoms and when to get tested and treated.

Also; there was an aggressive effort to find infected humans by Sri Lanka’s department of health, with importance placed the government prioritizing the problem and funding it, as well as continuing mosquito control efforts.

Malaria distribution map. Most countries with ...

Visit Malaria distribution map. Most countries with a high distribution of malaria also have a high distribution of parasitic worm infections. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

According to them; the challenge now is to keep the parasite away; and maintaining the status.

A similar eradication of dengue by Singapore happened; but the disease re-emerged; and since many people have not been affected by the disease; in their lifetimes; lack immunity.

See article here;

‘Fewer mosquitoes are needed now to create an outbreak’ – Times of India

The challenge for India is a hundred times bigger; with a massive population; and difficult enforcement; but it can be done if there is a concerted will; and cooperation between the centre and the states.



English: Main symptoms of malaria (See Wikiped...

Visit English: Main symptoms of malaria (See Wikipedia:Malaria#Symptoms). Model: Mikael Häggström. To discuss image, please see Template talk:Häggström diagrams References WebMD > Malaria symptoms Last Updated: May 16, 2007 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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